- Last Updated: 31 August 2016
Jind is one of the oldest districts of Haryana. Rani Talab is the major tourist place Pandu-Pindara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amavasya bath.
Origin and etymology
Jind name came up from Jaintapuri. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of the Mahabharata. According to an old saying, the Pandavas built the Jayanti Devi Temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.
Raja Gajpat Singh, a great grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, established an independent kingdom by seizing a large tract of country which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind from the Afghan governor Zain Khan in 1763 and made Jind city, the capital of the state in 1776. He made a fort here in 1775. Later, Sangrur was chosen as capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834). After independence, Jind State was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the present district became part of Sangrur district of Patiala and East Punjab States Union on 15 July 1948. At the time of its creation of Haryana state on 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was bifurcated and its Jind and Narwana tehsils were merged to form Jind district, one of the seven districts of the newly formed state. Jind tehsil was bifurcated to two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.
Jind is located at 29.32°N 76.32°E. It has an average elevation of 227 meters (744 feet).
As of 2011 India census, Jind city had a population of 166,225. Males constituted 53.3% and females 46.7% of the population respectively. Sex ratio is measured at 877 compared to national average 940. The sex ratio for the 0 to 6 year age-group is worse at 831 compared to national average 918. Jind had an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 64.3%. Male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 67% . In Jind, children under six years of age numbered 18,825 and were 11.3% of the population in 2011. Haryanvi, Hindi and Punjabi are the languages spoken by most of the people.
With the emergence of Haryana as a separate State in 1966, the process of industrialization in the district began. Several small-scale industrial units for the manufacture of radio and electrical good, fabrication of cement jallis, soap and candles, etc., were set up in urban areas. Some more important units manufacturing agricultural implements, chemicals, thermometers, surgical cotton, foundries, screws, plastic products, paper-board, coke briquettes, etc. The biggest Industry is saint gobain gyproc india ltd ,were established after 1968. The first large-scale industrial unit was the Milk Plant at Jind, which came into existence in 1970. Another unit for the manufacture of steel products was set up in 1973. Industry in the district received a further fillip with the establishment of a cattle feed plant in 1974.
A number of local and national newspaper are published in Jind.
There are numerous schools, and colleges in Jind. These include specialist institutions for subjects such as engineering and Management, Professional Institute in Jind
- CHAUDHARY RANBIR SINGH UNIVERSITY (JIND). Website http://crsu.ac.in/
- Jind Institute of Engineering & Technology. Website www.jiet-jind.com/
- Jind Polytechnic College. Website www.jiet-jind.com/
- Indus Institute of Engineering & Technology. Website www.iietjind.com/
- Haryana Agriculture and Training Institute.
Some other Institute
- Government P.G College.
- Priyadarshini Women College.
- C.R Kishan College.
- Hindu Girls College.